From Destinypedia, the Destiny wiki
The Anomaly was first discovered during the late Golden Age, when lunar miners bored into a subterranean tunnel. The instruments and boring machine failed instantly upon breaching the chamber, although the suits of the miners were inexplicably unaffected. The research site known as K1 was subsequently built to study the Anomaly.
Research staff at the K1 site soon began experiencing a range of adverse psycho-physiological effects, including insomnia, increased stress hormone levels, and hallucinations. Eventually an enclosure, known as the MASM Cladding and Containment Unit, was built to contain the artifact and limit its effects. Despite the troubling effects of proximity to the artifact, one researcher developed insights during a bout of insomnia that led to a breakthrough in the development of interstellar drive technology - a discovery which led directly to the development of the colony ships used in the Exodus Program.
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